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Organic Food Production Act (OFPA)

The Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 (OFPA) (Title 21 of Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990, codified at 7 U.S.C. ch. 94, 7 U.S.C. § 6501 et seq.) authorizes a National Organic Program (NOP) to be administered by USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS). The Organic Foods Production Act of 1990 authorizes a National Organic Program to be administered by USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service. The program is based on federal regulations that define standard organic farming practices and on a National List of acceptable organic production inputs. Private and state certifiers visit producers, processors, and handlers to certify’ that their operations abide by the standards. Once certified, these operations may affix a label on their product stating that it “Meets USDA Organic Requirements.”

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